SKRIPSI BAHASA INGGRIS "THE INFLUENCE THE OF MAIN CHARACTERS’ CONFLICTS TOWARD PLOT IN OSCAR WILDE’S THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING EARNEST"

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*ABSTRACT*

In this thesis the writer uses a drama by Oscar Wilde, a controversial
man of letters of England. This thesis focuses on the influence of the
main characters' toward plot in Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being
Earnest. This thesis also applies psychological aspect to analyze the
main characters' characteristics.

In writing this thesis, the writer conducts library research method to
collect the data and information by using some books and internet which
are related to the problem. The writer employs one method of approach
namely semiotic approach. The semiotic approach is applied to analyze
the character, especially the main character, plot in the drama. The
writer also uses psychological approach to analyze the intrinsic aspect
such as character and plot.

In The Importance of Being Earnest, Jack and Algernon, are two
characters who have different characteristics. Each of them creates
another character. Jack creates Ernest and Algernon creates Bunbury.
Having two different names, they can do anything in two different
places, in the town and in the country. In addition, the main characters
experience both internal and external conflict during the drama. Mainly,
both Jack and Algernon have the same internal conflict. They concern if
someday their real identity would be revealed by their girls. Meanwhile
Jack's conflict toward Lady Bracknell about his origin makes him try
hard to reveal it. Algernon's undercover as Ernest at Manor House,
Jack's place, makes their real identity are finally revealed and clear
up Jack's origin through Miss Prism and Lady Bracknell's explanation. In
conclusion, the internal and external conflicts of Jack and Algernon
lead to the revelation of Jack's origin. Both internal and external
conflicts influence the plots of drama, such as Algernon's conflict
toward Jack causes him to pretend as Ernest at Manor House in order that
he can meet Cecily, and Jack's internal conflict causes him to decide to
vanish his created bother, Ernest.

The Importance of Being Earnest reflects a moral value dealing with
human's daily life, namely honesty. A person may do anything to reach
his/her aim, but being honest is something hard to do. He/she may be
smart to conceal a falsehood, but it would be revealed eventually.
Hence, in any condition honesty is needed although it is painful.

* *

*BACKGROUND*

Human beings as one of the three alive-creatures besides animal and
plant have a particular ability, which makes him so special, that
dominates the others. They are able to adapt, to survive and to analyze
the universe phenomenon, which make their quality of life better and
better since the past. They have the whole ability because God has
granted them brain. Their curiosities are so great that they learn more
and more. Besides, something that makes them more special than the
others is they know the way to express their feeling, thought, and
emotion. Something to provide "a place" for all of the people's
expression is literature.

Literature, according to Moleong as quoted by Spadlex (2000:13), is the
knowledge which is earned by human beings arise conduct and it is used
to reflect and express experience. Another opinion said that literature
is one of the great creative and universal means of communicating the
emotional, spiritual, or intellectual concerns of mankind (The
Encyclopedia of Americana, vol. 22:559). It seems that something human
being does deals literature, especially in communicating. To communicate
to each other may be done by a means, such as by a letter, speaking
directly, by phone etc. Even something they wrote or said, no matter
what its content, could be called a literature. Well, in this life, in
purpose or not in purpose, they have involved in a literature.

By using their mind they produced an expression of their feeling,
emotion and thought to communicate with others. And this result of
literature is called a literary work. Literary work consists of two
types, namely imaginative and non-imaginative. Both literary works are
basically the same, that is both are expressed aesthetically, but they
have a different in expression. Imaginative type is commonly using
connotative sentence to express an idea, while non-imaginative type is
more realistic than the imaginative one. It uses denotative sentence.

Non-imaginative type consists of essay, criticism, biography,
autobiography, history, memoir, diary, and letters. And imaginative type
consists of poetry, fiction, and drama. In this paper, the writer takes
a drama as an object that will be further analyzed. Drama may be defined
as a work of literature or a composition which delineates life and human
activity by means of presenting various actions of – and dialogues
between – a group of characters (Reaske, 1966:5).

Drama was firstly introduced by a Greek philosopher Aristotle. He also
identified six elements of drama that enhance not only the story
telling, but also the instructive and aesthetic values of a play. The
first four of the elements is plot, character, thought, and diction
(relate to drama / written script). And the last two elements are music
and spectacle (relate to theatre / the play in performance).
(http://www.appendix%20C%20elements.html, accessed on December 21^st 2004).

To analyze a drama in a study or paper there must be minimally two
elements that support each other, such as plot and character. Plot and
character are two significant elements and very needed in a story. Plot
is the arrangement of the incidents or events in a story, which are
interconnected each other, that makes a story more interesting and easy
to be comprehended. Meanwhile, character is the player in the story; it
may be humans, animals, or other imagination creatures created by the
author. The story contains problems appearing within the actions that
make the character struggle to overcome the problems. Therefore, the
writer takes a topic "The Influence of the Main Character's Conflicts
towards Plot in Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest". The
writer utilizes the characteristic of the main character and is
supported by the plot to find out the influence the character's
conflicts towards the plot in the play.

*1.1 **Objective of the Study*

After reading the story of the drama, the writer concludes that there
are many conflicts found which dealing with the main character. And of
course the conflicts may influence the main character. Therefore, the
writer can illustrate the objective of the study into four objectives.
First, to find out the Earnest Worthing's and Algernon's characteristics
and their characterization in Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being
Earnest. Second, after analyzing the main characteristics, the writer
tries to find out the conflicts dealing with them, either internal or
external conflicts. Then third, the writer will try to elaborate the
plots one by one. And finally, the writer will try to find out how far
the influence of the main character's conflicts toward the plots in The
Importance of Being Earnest.

*1.2 **Scope of the Study*

As there are many aspects in the Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being
Earnest, the writer makes a limitation of discussion to assure the theme
of this thesis' analysis, namely the main characters, Earnest Worthing
and Algernon, and the characterization of the main characters by Oscar
Wilde; the internal and external conflicts which deal with the main
characters; the plots; and the influence of the main character's
conflicts toward the plots.

*1.3 **Method *

Methods are needed to analyze the drama. In this paper the writer
applies library research as the method of the study and applies
psychological approach to analyze the main characters' characteristics
in order to find out the conflicts and then relate them to plots, hence
the influence of the main characters' conflicts toward the plots will be
revealed.

1.3.1 Method of the Study

The library research was applied to support the analysis of the drama,
collecting some data and information needed from the relevant books or
other resources. Then reading and comprehending the data, making some
notes until making conclusion. According to Atar Semi, library research
is a method of doing a research in a working room or library, where the
needed data and information about the subject matter are required
through books or other audiovisual means. Library research is done to
collect the data by finding some books related to the research as
references (1993:8).

1.3.2 Method of Approach

Semiotic approach is employed in analyzing the drama. As Nurgiyantoro
said that semiotic is a science or analysis method to examine signs. The
signs could be a body language, mouth, eyes movement, color, and other
things around our life (2000: 40). In this paper the writer utilizes
psychological approach to analyze the main characters in the Oscar
Wilde's /The Importance of Being Earnest/. It seems those approaches
very close to analyze the aspects, especially the main character's
conflict and the plot, found in the main characters' characteristic and
the setting which influences the main characters. The analysis of the
main characters is made by unfolding the character through actions and
dialogue.

Literary works manifest social life and have a close relation with
social community, as commonly literary works discuss the human life.
Based on that statement the writer uses psychological approach to
analyze the main characters. Psychological approach is an approach that
is applied since literary works are frequently study events or
phenomenon about human's life (Atarsemi, 76:1993). Psychic conflicts are
caused by psychological problems. It is natural, as humans' character
that desire something more and more which actually their ability and
capability are limited. Therefore, humans' life is just like a drama,
which containing plots of life that may be due to humans'
characteristics and their interaction to surroundings in their social
life or interaction to them selves, their mind or heart, in this case is
internal conflicts. The psychological approach here includes the main
characters' characteristics and is used to analyze the main characters'
conflicts. The psychological approach is appropriate, because it can be
used to explain the plot aspect and the characteristic of the main
characters.

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